英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

时间: 2018-05-23 08:18

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用这五个高能句式

2018-05-21 20:32 来源:北美学霸君mp 英语写作

原标题:英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用这五个高能句式

初中学写作文最先背下来的就是because、so、although、but、therefore等关联词,但是在高级写作中我们会发现这种关联词的过频使用反而会显得我们无法把控长难句、不能用地道的表达方式阐述自己的观点。今天学霸君为大家找了几个可以替代关联词的句式,快来学习吧~

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

From 英文悦读

微信号:read_the_economist

1.造成……的原因

议论文写作中经常要表达这样的意思:A问题是由某几个因素引起的,写成英文是:XX factors lead to / result in A,例如:

Three factors lead to / result in the increase in unemployment rate in this country. First…Second…

这里介绍一个新的说法:

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

The exponential growth in the power of silicon chips, digital sensors and high-bandwidth communications improves robots just as it improves all sorts of other products. And, as our special report this week explains, three other factors are at play.

上面选段中play是熟词生义,它的意思是“影响,作用”(the effect or influence of something),at play是一个在外刊中很常见的词组,three other factors are at play 即“有另外三个因素在起作用”。

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

写作中可以用 Two/Three/Several factors are at play in… / Two/Three/Several factors are at play when it comes to… 来说明某问题由某几个因素引起,例如:

Several factors are at playwhen it comes to teenage smoking. First, many young people are susceptible to peer pressure. They may pick up smoking to be better liked by more popular peers, or out of fear of losing friends who have already taken up the habit. Second, teenagers are at an impressionable age where they can be easily influenced by adults. Some of them start smoking by imitating adult figures or role models, such as their parents, older siblings, and even celebrities.

此外,关于play还有另外一个表达:bring/put something into play,它的意思是“使某事发挥作用”。例如:

All the resources and staff available were brought into playto cope with the crisis.

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

2.基于……的原因

下面给出的这个句式同样也与“原因”有关:

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

Another firm, MoneyGram of America, accepted an offer of $1.2bn from Ant Financial, but in January the sale was blocked on national-security grounds by America’s watchdog, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the US.

上面这段文字的背景是美国监管部门出于国家安全的考虑,禁止了蚂蚁金服对速汇金的收购。其中on…grounds / on grounds of是一个常见的表示原因的用法,它的意思是“以……为由,基于……的原因”。

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

该短语通常用在议论文分论点的开头,用于阐述人们反对某事物的原因。举个例子,转基因目前仍然是一项很有争议的技术,一些人反对转基因,理由是它可能对我们的健康造成危害。对于这种情况可以说:

While some people support genetically modified food, others oppose this technology on health grounds. They argue that GM crops may produce harmful substances and thus have a negative impact on human health.

3.说明一种转折情况

下面出现在The Economist文章中的表达可以用在转折句中:

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

The biggest winners all round are likely to be consumers, though with a number of caveats. Four stand out: market concentration, security, privacy and inequality.

这里caveat是一个比较正式的词,它的意思是“警告,提醒,告诫”(a warning that something may not be completely true, effective etc):

英语写作总写小学生句子?那是因为你还不会用

caveat通常出现在转折句中,用来引出不同的看法。在写关于事物优缺点的文章时可以使用该句型。

举个例子,有一篇作文要求我们分析网上购物对年轻人的好处和坏处。在分析完网购的好处之后,可以用caveat来进行转折:


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